Weeping European Beech

Fagus sylvatica var. ‘Pendula'

Leaves: Deciduous. Leaves are elliptic in shape 2-4” long, 1-2” wide with a blunt point at the end. Leaf edges are slightly wavy and usually smooth. Dark green to purple-green color. Fall color is brown to purplish.

Bark/Twigs: Silver-grey bark remains smooth with age but wrinkles where branches attach to trunk. Younger branches are brown olive-green color and white-speckled. Branches grow in creative turns and twists. Zig-zag twigs.

Flowers/Fruit: Inconspicuous flowers in spring. Triangular beech nuts grow in pairs inside prickly husks. Small nut in 4-part capsule, but is rarely seen.

Mature size and shape: Large. 30-50’h x 30-60'w. They are known to grow to 60'. Weeping, irregular shape with a dense canopy. Long, pendulous branches touch the ground.

General information/special features: Plant in full sun to partial shade. Moist, well-drained soil. Has adapted well to Utah’s clay soils.

Landscape use and Maintenance: Unique and graceful specimen tree or focal point. Slow growing rate. Average maintenance. The variety ‘Purpurea Pendula’ is a purple-leaved form that is smaller, only about 10’h.

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-7

Family/Origin: Fagaceae - Beech and Oak.

Campus use: Rare. Can be found west of Pioneer Memorial Theatre (Bld 66).

Tricolor Beech

Fagus sylvatica ‘Tricolor’ or ‘Roseo-Marginata’

Leaves: Deciduous. Leaves are elliptic in shape 2-4” long, 1-2” wide with a blunt point at the end. Leaf edges are slightly wavy and usually smooth but sometimes lightly toothed. Leaves are mottled with variegated colors in many shades of white, green, and pink. One of the later trees to leaf out in early summer. Leaves turn bronze or copper in the fall.

Bark/Twigs: Smooth gray bark. Bark remains a smooth, light grey even in maturity. Twigs distinctly zigzag from bud to bud.

Flowers/Fruit: Inconspicuous flowers in late spring. Small nut in 4-part capsule. Triangular beech nuts grow in pairs inside prickly husks.

Mature size and shape: Medium large. 25-40'h x 20-30'w. Often smaller. Broad, rounded, pyramidal shape.

General information/special features: Plant in full sun to partial shade. Moist, well-drained acidic soil is best. Dislikes standing water. Struggles in extreme heat and low humidity. Leaves often become scorched in hot, dry weather. Best to provide shade from hot southern or western sun.

Landscape use and Maintenance: Great specimen tree. Slow to medium growing rate. Average maintenance.

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-7

Family/Origin: Fagaceae - Beech and Oak.

Campus use: Very uncommon. Can be found west of Civil & Material Engineering (Bld 56).

European Beech

Fagus sylvatica

Leaves: Deciduous. Leaves are elliptic in shape 2-4” long, 1-2” wide with a blunt point at the end. Leaf edges are slightly wavy and usually smooth but sometimes lightly toothed. Dark, shiny green in the late spring to summer. One of the later trees to leaf out in early summer. Leaves turn bronze or rich red-oranges in the fall.

Bark/Twigs: Smooth gray bark. Bark remains a smooth, light grey even in maturity. Twigs distinctly zigzag from bud to bud.

Flowers/Fruit: Inconspicuous flowers in late spring. Small nut in 4-part capsule. Triangular beech nuts grow in pairs inside prickly husks.

Mature size and shape: Large. 50-60'h x 35-45'w. Rounded, or oval shape. Branches start low, almost at the ground on the trunk.

General information/special features: Plant in full sun. Shade tolerant. Moist, well-drained acidic soil is best. Dislikes standing water. Struggles in extreme heat and low humidity.

Landscape use and Maintenance: Large, good shade or specimen tree. Recommended for public areas and better suited for Utah's growing conditions than the American beech. Slow to medium growing rate. Average maintenance.

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-7

Family/Origin: Fagaceae - Beech and Oak. Native to Europe.

Campus use: Somewhat common. Can be found southeast in President’s Circle and west of the Sill Center (Bld 51).