English Hawthorn


Crataegus laevigata

Leaves: Deciduous. Leaves are moderate to deeply lobed with 3-5 lobes and frequently irregularly lobed. 1-2” long and  ⅔ as wide.  Leaves have large teeth and serrated leaf edges. Medium to dark green color. Fall color varies from reds to orange, usually brown.

Bark/Twigs: Trunk looks like a bundle of stems. Trunk is fluted and has interesting, grey-brown peeling bark.  1" long thorns periodically appear on small twigs, but fall off of larger branches.

Flowers/Fruit: Flowers are red to pale pink, sometimes white, in small 1-2” clusters. Flowers are ¼” in diameter and have five petals. Blooms late spring to early summer (May-June). Red to orange, pea-sized fruits persist through the winter and attract birds.

Mature size and shape: Medium small. 15-25’h by ⅔ as wide. Rounded to spreading shape.

General information/special features: Plant in full sun to partial shade. Moist, well-drained soil is best. Does fairly well in somewhat drier conditions and can be drought tolerant after established.

Landscape use and Maintenance: Makes a nice tree for smaller areas. This small, pollution tolerant tree is a good choice for the urban landscape. Average growing rate. Average maintenance.

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8

Family/Origin: Rosaceae – Rose. Native to Europe and northern Africa.  Also called C. oxyacantha.

Campus use: Somewhat common. Can be found in President’s Circle or south of the Park Building (Bld 1).