Leaves: Deciduous. Leaves are 1 to 4 inches long and ½ to 1½ inches wide, with a finely serrated leaf edge and oval shape with a blunt tip. They are dark green in color and glossy. Redish-purple fall color.
Bark/Twigs: Red-brown to grayish colored bark. It is scaly or sometimes blocky when young. Weakly furrowed, ridged, scaly, and often fluted or knotted when older. Numerous 1 to 3 inch long, slender thorns. Plant thornless variety inermis.
Flowers/Fruit: Flowers are white, ½ inch diameter, and bloom in small clusters. Blooms early June for 7 to 10 days. Fruit a ¼ to ½ inch diameter berry (pome), bright orange-red to red-purple when mature. Fruit persists into winter and attracts birds.
Mature size and shape: Small. 15 to 25 feet high x 10 to 20 feet wide. Broadly oval to rounded shape, dense and thorny tree. Becomes flat-topped with age.
General information/special features: Plant in full sun. Shade intolerant. Fairly tough, drought and salt tolerant and pH adaptable.
Landscape use and maintenance: Nice ornamental tree that can be planted in small groups or as a specimen. Average growing rate. Average maintenance. Plant thornless varieties if available.
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3 to 7
Family/Origin: Rosaceae – Rose. Native to much of the eastern U.S.
Campus Use: Somewhat uncommon. Can be found south of the Union Building (Bld 53).