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Himalayan or Bhutan Pine

Pinus wallichiana

Leaves: Evergreen. Needles in bundles of 5, grayish-green color, 5 to 8 inches long. The slender needles often bend sharply at the base to hang down to give a pendulous, drooping, and feathery appearance when older.

Bark/Twigs: Orangish-brown to grayish-brown colored bark. Smooth when young, becoming shallowly fissured with flaky plates when mature.

Flowers/Fruit: Flowers inconspicuous. Fruit is a large, woody cone 6 to 10 inches long, 2 inches wide, light-brown when ripe and very resinous with a 1 to 2 inch long stalk.

Mature size and shape: Large. 30 to 50 feet high, width is ½ to ⅔ height. Loosely and broadly pyramidal shape when young. Graceful and often feathered appearance.

General information/special features: Plant in full sun. Shade intolerant. Sandy, well-drained, acidic soil is best. Not recommended for shallow, chalky soil. The Himalayan Pine is used to produce turpentine, which is a common solvent. Historically, turpentine was also used for medicinal purposes.

Landscape use and maintenance: Large ornamental evergreen tree. Slow to medium growing rate. Low maintenance. Fairly tough, but best planted in a location sheltered from dry summer winds and late-day winter sun.  May be marginally cold-hardy in Utah. Somewhat difficult to transplant.

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 to 7

Family/Origin: Pinaceae – Pine. Native to Afghanistan, Nepal, and China.

Campus Use: Uncommon. The tree on the north side of the intersection of North Campus Drive and Central Campus Drive is on the Utah Big Tree Registry.

Last Updated: 6/3/22