Leaves: Evergreen. Needles in bundles or groups of 3. They are lustrous medium to dark green in color, 2 to 4 inches long, and finely toothed. Needles are very stiff and ridged as well as sharp to the touch.
Bark/Twigs: Exfoliating, scaly bark in irregular patches of green, white, and brown, like a London planetree. Young stems are greenish with irregular whitish or brownish areas interspersed.
Flowers/Fruit: Inconspicuous flowers. Cones are ovoid, 2 to 3 inches long, approximately 2 inches across, and light yellowish brown.
Mature size and shape: Large. 30 to 50 feet high x 20 to 35 feet wide. Pyramidal to rounded shape, often with many trunks in youth. Becomes open, picturesque, flat-topped and broad-spreading with age.
General information/special features: Plant in full sun. Prefers well-drained soil. Tolerant of a variety of conditions, including pavement nearby. Fairly cold and alkaline-soil tolerant. Somewhat drought tolerant.
Landscape use and maintenance: Good specimen tree. Slow growing rate. Low maintenance. Susceptible to breakage under heavy snow.
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8
Family/Origin: Pinaceae – Pine. Native to China.
Campus Use: Uncommon. Can be found on the east side of the Sill Center (Bld 51).